Functional Genomics: Applications to Production Agriculture
Buza, T., & McCarthy, F.M. (2013). Functional Genomics: Applications to Production Agriculture. CAB Reviews Perspectives in Agriculture Veterinary Science Nutrition and Natural Resources. CAB International 2013. 8(054), 1-21.
Functional genomics enables agricultural researchers to investigate how gene expression and
regulation contributes to complex production traits at a genome-wide level. There are many
different techniques for utilizing functional genomic approaches and new high-throughput technologies
are accelerating the amount and complexity of data collected from functional genomics
experiments. In this review, we highlight some of the different areas of functional genomics,
including some emerging techniques, with a specific focus on how they are being applied to
production livestock and aquaculture systems. We look at how transcriptomics, proteomics,
metabolomics, interactomics, epigenetics and nutrigenomics are applied to improve our understanding
of complex production traits and how the environment affects these traits. We also
discuss how changing technologies contribute to functional genomics and the resources agricultural
researchers require to ensure that their functional genomics data are effectively translated
into benefits for society.